Ekonomi Bangka Belitung dan Covid-19

Devi Valeriani, Ayu Wulandari

Sari


Pandemi COVID-19 memberikan dampak ekonomi baik secara lokal maupun global, termasuk Provinsi Kepulauan Bangka Belitung. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis dan mendeskripsikan kondisi perekonomian sebelum dan selama pandemi Covid-19. Teknik analisis menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dengan analisis trend dan kualitatif dengan mendeskripsikan data sekunder. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terjadi penurunan pertumbuhan ekonomi Produk Domestik Regional Bruto (PDRB) kecuali bidang usaha primer yaitu pertanian, inflasi stabil rendah, pengangguran meningkat, realisasi Pendapatan dan Belanja Daerah yang lebih besar dari belanja, perlambatan dana penagihan dan pinjaman bank, serta penurunan Indeks Mobilitas Penduduk dan Indeks Keyakinan Konsumen (CCI). Strateginya adalah menjaga transmisi di sektor-sektor utama, memfokuskan kembali anggaran belanja secara cepat, tepat, efektif dan efisien; menjaga lalu lintas perdagangan antar daerah; mendorong pembayaran online. Menerapkan kebijakan dengan memperluas jangkauan vaksin, memperkuat standar protokol kesehatan, meningkatkan produktivitas bisnis lokal dan mensosialisasikan transaksi online.

 

The COVID-19 pandemic had an economic impact both locally and globally, including the Province of the Bangka Belitung Islands. The purpose of this research is to analyze and describe economic conditions before and during the Covid-19 pandemic. The analysis technique uses a quantitative approach with trend analysis and qualitatively through describing secondary data. The results showed that there was a decrease in economic growth in Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP) except for primary business fields, namely agriculture, low stable inflation, increased unemployment, realization of Regional Revenue and Expenditure which was greater than expenditure, slowdown in fund collection and bank lending, as well as a decrease in the Population Mobility Index and Consumer Confidence Index (CCI). The strategy is to maintain transmission in key sectors, refocusing the spending budget quickly, precisely, effectively and efficiently; maintain trade traffic between regions; encourage online payments. Implementing policies by expanding vaccine reach, strengthening health protocol standards, increasing local business productivity and socializing online transactions.


Kata Kunci


covid-19; economic impact; strategy; policy implementation

Teks Lengkap:

PDF

Referensi


Aeni, N. (2021). Covid-19 pandemic. Health, Economic and Social Impact. Journal of Research and Development. Research, Development and Science and Technology Information Media, 17 (1), 17–34.

Anggriyani, NM, Rukmawati, D., & Aryawan, I. (2017). Impact of Population Mobility on Community Socio-Cultural Life (Case Study in Batubulan Kangin Village, Sukawati District, Gianyar Regency). SYNTHESIS: Journal of Social and Political Sciences., 8(1), 1–4.

Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS), (2021) diakses dari http://www.bps.go.id/, diakses pada tanggal 01 Maret 2022 pada jam 20.20 WIB

Budiono. (2017). Ekonomi Moneter. In Seri Sinopsis Pengantar Ilmu Ekonomi No. 5

Chaplyuk, VZ, Alam, RMK, Abueva, MM-S., Hossain, MN, & Humssi, A. Al. (2021). COVID-19 and Its Impacts on the Global Eco-nomic Spheres. Modern Global Economic System: Evolutional Development vs. Rev-Oluationary Leap, 824–833. https://doi.org/https://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&prev=_t&sl=auto&tl=en&u=https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-69415-9_94

Fahri., Abd. Jalil., & S. K. (2019). Increasing Unemployment Amid the Pandemic (Covid-19). Fahri., Abd. Jalil., & Sri Kasnelly, 2(2), 45–60.

Jhingan. (2013). Development Economics And Planning. Rajawali Press.

Junaedi, D & Salistia, F. (2020). The Impact of the Covi 19 Pandemic on Economic Growth in Affected Countries. National Symposium on State Finance, 995.

Kurniasih, E. (2020). The Impact of the Covid 19 Pandemic on the Decline in the Welfare of the People of the City of Pontianak. Proceedings of the Annual Academic Seminar of Economics and Development Studies., 277–289.

Li, X., Chen, C., Wang, W., Yang, J., Innes, J. L., Ferretti-Gallon, K., & Wang, G. (2021). The contribution of national Parks to human health and well-being: Visitors’ perceived benefits of Wuyishan National Park. International Journal of Geoheritage and Parks, 9(1), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijgeop.2020.12.004

Nalini, S. (2021). The Impact of Covid-19 on Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises. Journal of Islamic Economics & Economics, 4 (1), 662–669. https://doi.org/https://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&prev=_t&sl=auto&tl=en&u=https://doi.org/10.36778/jesya.v4il.278

Otoritas Jasa Keuangan. Statistik Perbankan Syariah November 2016. https://www.ojk.go.id/id/kanal/perbankan/Pages/Bank-Umum.aspx, diakses pada 01 Maret 2022 pada jam 20.20 WIB

Sanjaya. (2020). Regional Budgeting Policy During the Covid-19 Pandemic (Case Study in Banten Provincial Government). Journal of Media Administration Science Development and Administrative Practice, 17 (2), 17–29.

Sumarni, Y. (2020). The Covid-19 Pandemic: Economic and Business Challenges. Journal of Islamic Banking and Economics, 6 (2), 17–290.

WHO. (2021). WHO Corona Virus (COVID-19) Dashboard. https://covid19.who.int/

Widiastuti, A. & S. (2021). The Impact of the Covid-19 Pandemic on Economic Growth in Java Island. Journal of Economics, 11 (1), 97–107. https://doi.org/https://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&prev=_t&sl=auto&tl=en&u=http://dx.doi.org/10.35448/jequ.v11i1.11278




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31258/sorot.17.1.9-24

Refbacks

  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.


##submission.copyrightStatement##

##submission.license.cc.by4.footer##

Creative Commons Licence

Hak cipta artikel-artikel pada jurnal ini dimiliki oleh penulis, dan penulis bersedia memberikan hak penerbitan pertama kepada jurnal. Pemilikan hak cipta dilisensikan dibawah Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Lisensi ini memungkinkan penggunaan, pendistribusian, dan pencetakan kembali tanpa batas pada media apa pun, asalkan penulis dan sumber sebenarnya disebutkan.