Produk Domestik Bruto dan Kurs Sebagai Determinan Impor Pupuk Indonesia

Mardiana Mardiana, Siti Nelva Anisa, Darma Yuda

Sari


Impor pupuk dilakukan untuk memenuhi kebutuhan kebutuhan pupuk. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh PDB dan nilai tukar sebagai determinan impor pupuk di Indonesia. Lokasinya berada di Indonesia, dengan periode penelitian 2004 hingga 2018. Data yang digunakan adalah data time series yang terdiri dari data nilai tukar, PDB, dan impor pupuk. Sumber data dalam penelitian ini adalah data yang dipublikasikan pada Statistik Ekonomi Keuangan Indonesia (SEKI). Laporan Statistik Kementerian Perdagangan dan laporan statistik perdagangan luar negeri untuk impor Indonesia dari publikasi Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS). Penelitian ini menggunakan metode ordinary least square (OLS) dengan analisis regresi linier berganda sebagai persamaannya. Kondisi impor pupuk di Indonesia cenderung menunjukkan fluktuatif. Namun, dalam beberapa tahun terakhir telah menunjukkan peningkatan. Secara bersamaan, PDB Indonesia dan nilai tukar mempengaruhi impor pupuk Indonesia. Namun secara parsial, impor pupuk Indonesia dipengaruhi secara positif dan signifikan oleh PDB. Sedangkan nilai tukar tidak berpengaruh signifikan terhadap impor pupuk Indonesia.

 

Fertilizer imports are carried out to meet fertilizer needs. This study analyzes the effect of GDP and the exchange rate as determinants of fertilizer imports in Indonesia. The location is in Indonesia, with a research period from 2004 to 2018. The data used is time series data consisting of data on exchange rates, GDP, and fertilizer imports. The data source in this study is the data published in the Indonesian Financial Economic Statistics (SEKI). The Ministry of Trade's Statistical Report and foreign trade statistical reports for Indonesian imports from the publication of the Central Statistics Agency (BPS). This study uses the Ordinary Least Square (OLS) method with multiple linear regression analysis as the equation. Fertilizer import conditions in Indonesia tend to fluctuate. However, in recent years it has shown improvement. Simultaneously, Indonesia's GDP and the exchange rate affect Indonesia's fertilizer imports. However, partially, Indonesia's fertilizer imports are positively and significantly affected by GDP. Meanwhile, the exchange rate does not have a significant effect on Indonesia's fertilizer imports.


Kata Kunci


impor; determinan; pupuk; PDB; kurs

Teks Lengkap:

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Referensi


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31258/sorot.16.1.35-45

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